Aloe everyone! Get it?

You can have it all when it comes to aloe vera: It’s low maintenance, well-suited to arid and dry conditions, beautiful, and possesses the finest healing qualities of any plant. So if you’ve always intended to have an indoor plant but unsure how to proceed, you’ve come to the right place. Continue reading to learn how to cultivate an aloe vera plant at home and how to take care of it.

But, before getting into the growth strategies for your aloe vera plant, there are a few preliminary preparations to do.

 

Potting Soil vs. Potting Mix

Aloe plants flourish in environments that are dry and well-drained. Therefore, it is critical to use an appropriate potting mix, such as cactus potting mix, that closely replicates the cacti’s natural habitat.

Potting mix is an organic mixture that is specially intended for container gardening. Its unique blend of organic materials such as peat moss and larger-sized particles such as perlite makes it fluffier than potting soil, allowing for better aeration, drainage management, and root development.

Potting soil, the denser, less expensive media, compacts readily and becomes soggy, resulting in root rot. This is hardly the environment in which you want to grow an aloe vera plant or any other succulent.

Therefore, potting mix is a better choice for aloe vera. Nonetheless, because of the special requirements of the aloe vera plant, the addition of grit, perlite, and sand particles to the potting mix optimizes growing conditions.

Now, let’s get down to the nitty-gritty. This is a comprehensive guide on growing aloe vera in your home.

Prepare the Pot

To begin, cleanse your pot thoroughly, especially if it has been used previously. Allow the pot to dry fully. Next, cover the opening at the bottom of the pot with a drainage screen to prevent tiny particles from the potting mix from leaking out. A wad of a newspaper may suffice, but keep in mind that this is a temporary solution.

Following that, gently remove your fresh aloe vera plant from the nursery pot. Dust away any extra dirt from the roots gently. Take caution when touching the roots.

Planting the Aloe Vera

Continue with the previous instructions to ensure effective aloe transplantation.

3/4th of your pot should be filled with potting mix.

Create a tiny hole in the potting mix the diameter of your aloe’s roots using your finger or a spoon.

Cover the roots with additional potting mix and fill to just below the bottom layer of aloe vera leaves, allowing the plant to sit on top. The distance between the potting mix’s surface and the pot’s rim should be around 3/4th of an inch. Otherwise, while watering it, the water would run over and create a mess.

Gently bed down the potting mix to secure and place your aloe vera plant; you don’t want it to tumble over.

Avoid over-packing the potting mix since a denser media will limit the plant’s development.

Don’t water it yet. I understand you believe it is thirsty, but it requires time to establish its new roots. New dwellings require adjustment. Watering and fertilization should be delayed for at least one week.

You can add a layer of gravel or big pebbles to the bottom of your pot to enhance drainage. Simply ensure that your pot includes a drainage hole, and that’s good to go.

Take Care of This Newly Aloe Vera Plant At Home

Choose a sunny site that receives direct sunlight for at least 8-10 hours every day. If the temperature in the winter season dips below 25 degrees Fahrenheit, the plant may shrivel up and die. However, if the temperature outdoors is below freezing, you may bring your potted aloe vera plant inside.

If you’re low on space, place it on a window sill. Keep it towards the west or north if you live in the southern hemisphere.

Aloe vera plants require no fertilization. Still, if you think the plant appears to be starved, use a fertilizer that is rich in phosphorus, low in nitrogen, and low in potassium.

If you notice any weeds, carefully pick them out; if you pick weeds vigorously, the roots might be easily injured.

Avoid watering the plants if the leaves turn yellow or begin to fall off. Yellow leaves indicate that the plant is being overwatered.

If the margins of the leaves begin to brown, take it away from the sun and set it in a dark location for a period of time.

Be Careful Watering Aloe Vera

When it comes to growing aloe vera at home, watering is one of the biggest challenges. Aloe is succulent and these succulents are extremely low-maintenance and require very little water. This is because their thick leaves can retain water for weeks.

In the spring, summer, and fall, you must water your aloe vera just once every three weeks.

The problem occurs when you’re watering the other plants that beautify your house on a weekly basis; it becomes really difficult to avoid overwatering your aloe vera plant; oversaturated soil promotes root rot and can cause wilting and browning of the leaves.

To avoid this, let the soil dry 1-2 inches below the surface between watering’s, or water about every 2 to 3 weeks, depending on the amount of sunlight received by your plant.

To determine the water level of your plant, insert your index finger into the soil until it reaches the level of your second knuckle.

Water it even less frequently during the winter. This is because the plant does not receive enough sun and heat to dry the potting mix correctly. At all costs, avoid standing water.

Another option is to use a spray bottle. Once a week, fill it with water and spritz the aloe vera plant’s leaves. This mist replicates the mild rainfalls seen in succulents’ native habitats, assisting them in adapting to their new surroundings in your house. Additionally, it supplies the leaves with water necessary for photosynthesis while keeping the roots dry.

Conclusion

Growing aloe vera houseplants is not only simple, but it also provides a plant that can be used to help in many skin conditions in your family. With a better understanding of how to grow and take care of the aloe vera plant at home, you’ll never be without this gorgeous and beneficial plant.

References:

  • “Growing Aloe Vera Plants: How to Care for an Aloe Vera Plant.” Gardening Know How, 11 Nov. 2020, www.gardeningknowhow.com/houseplants/aloe-vera/aloe-vera-plant-care.htm.
  • “How to Grow Aloe Vera at Home? What Are Its Benefits? | Blog.Nurserylive.com | Gardening in India.” Blog.Nurserylive.com, 6 June 2016, blog.nurserylive.com/2016/06/06/bring-home-healthiest-and-easiest-to-grow-aloe-vera-and-gardening-in-india.
  • “The Ultimate Guide to Aloe Vera.” Natural Healers, 10 Oct. 2016, www.naturalhealers.com/blog/aloe-vera-ultimate-guide/.